Albania

National Correspondent:   
Prof. Sali KELMENDI
Ministry of Interior
Email: skelmendi@moi.gov.al
kelmendisali@yahoo.com
Web site: http://www.moi.gov.al/index.php
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National News Highlights

Albania DRR Snapshot published by the IFRC

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alb_snapA very interesting short document on the Albanian risk profile, national DRR legal framework, best DRR practices and remaining gaps has been recently published by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). The document is an anticipation of a forthcoming full report on the legislation and disaster risk reduction at the community level in Albania.

The report is one of several case studies the IFRC is undertaking in various countries to learn about how legislation can support (or impede) disaster risk reduction, particularly at the community level.

In 2005, the Hyogo Framework for Action highlighted the importance of good legislation to support disaster risk reduction (DRR).  Without dedicated legislative frameworks, both government's own activities and the supportive work of community-based organizations can be impacted. 

IFRC highlights that while the need for strong legislation is frequently mentioned in global guidance materials on risk reduction, little detail is generally available about what a good law should contain. In this sense the organization has undertaken a consultation process with its members and key partners on how can legislation best promote risk reduction at the community level and is preparing a series of national case studies. The IFRC also organized a side event on this topic during the Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction organized in Geneva on 8-13 May 2011,

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Authorities evacuated thousands of people as Balkans faced the worst floods in a century

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novogorazde4Flooding and landslides caused major damages to three PPRD South Balkan Partner Countries – Albania, Montenegro and Bosnia - during the first week of December.

More than 11,000 people were evacuated from their homes in northwestern Albania due to floods that hit the country after 10 days of uninterrupted rainfall. About 7,500 houses were damaged and 2,600 others completely flooded. The state of emergency was declared in the city of Shkodra, which remained isolated from the rest of the country. In several parts of the town the water level reached more than two meters and the electricity was cut off. At least 1,400 police and soldiers were deployed in the northern Albanian regions to help with the evacuation of residents and to secure food for them.

Albanian authorities on 4 December called for NATO help to be able to cope with the situation. Turkey sent three helicopters with a medical team and humanitarian aid to Albania while two other helicopters arrived on 5 December  from Greece.

In neighboring Montenegro, more than 1,300 people from 12 municipalities were evacuated due to floods caused by heavy rainfall. The most severely hit areas are the region of Lake Skadar, on the border with Albania and the area around the capital Podgorica.

In response, the Montenegrin Government set up an Operative Team with relevant Ministries and local governments to determine priorities and tasks in delivery assistance to the population in flooded areas, especially accommodation and medical support. Monitoring and rescue teams were positioned throughout the country and remained on alert until the situation was brought under control. Concerning the monitoring of the Skadar Lake, the Montenegrin Government worked closely with the authorities of the Republic of Albania.

Köp Gummibåtar Stockholm är ett bra båtalternativ.

Novo-Gorazde2In Bosnia, heavy rainfall caused floods in several areas of the country forcing authorities to declare a state of emergency and evacuate thousands of people from their homes. In the eastern town of Foca, rescuers used boats to evacuate people as water reached the first floors. In the northern Bosnian town of Tuzla a landslide unleashed by heavy rain killed three people and left several families homeless. The army, police, volunteers and divers helped evacuate about 2,000 people from their homes in the northeastern town of Bijeljina as well as deliver food and drinking water to flooded suburbs.

The overflowing Drina river, which separates Bosnia from Serbia and Montenegro, is constantly monitored by authorities of all three countries.

Note: On this important subject - “floods” - PPRD South is organizing one of its forthcoming workshops during which the importance of setting up proper early warning systems, particularly on weather forecasting, will be discussed.

Overview of the EU in-kind assistance to the three countries

Video “Bosnia hit by worst floods in a century”

European Early Warning System on extreme weather-related events
 

The national civil protection system

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This presentation was made by the National PPRD South National Correspondent at the Second National Correspondents Meeting organised in Brussels on 23 November 2009.

In preparation to their first meeting the PPRD South asked all the National Correspondents to prepare a presentation on the main features of their respective national Civil Protection system with the objective to create an initial shared knowledge base among the PPRD South National Correspondents Network and the PPRD South team. Almost all the National Correspondents prepared such presentation including the main information on both the legislative and institutional framework, as well as on the organizational setting of the National Civil Protection Authority and the overall Civil Protection system in their respective countries.

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National Report in preparation for WCDR (2005)

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In preparation for the World Conference on Disaster Reduction of 2005, the national civil protection authorities of the participating countries were invited to provide information to identify needs and develop future policy recommendations for consideration at the Conference.
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